APRJA submissions must contain and adhere to the following general guidelines:
- A concise and informative title.
- A list of author names and affiliation(s).
- Include 3-6 keywords for indexing purposes.
- Must use the Modern Language Association format of citation and referencing (MLA).
- Use only two levels of headings.
- Include a short author biography in a separate document (no more than 400 characters for each author).
- Must be written in English.
Basic introduction to the MLA style of citation
This guide provides basic explanations and examples for the most common types of citations. For additional information and examples, please go to: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/02/
1. In-text citations
MLA Style uses brief citations within the text of a paper immediately after a quote, a reference to a source, or a paraphrase. The brief citation gives the author and page number of the source you are referring to:
Romantic poetry is characterized by the “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” (Wordsworth 263).
The author’s name can be mentioned in the text and only the page number should be included in the parentheses:
Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” (263).
If there are two or three authors, include the last name of each:
(Winks and Kaiser 176)
(Choko, Bourassa and Baril 258-263)
If there are more than three authors, include the last name of the first author followed by “et al.”
(Baldwin et al. 306)
To cite multiple sources in the same parenthetical reference, separate the citations by a semi-colon:
(Burke 3; Dewey 21)
If you cite more than one work published by the same author, you would distinguish the works by including a shortened version of the title. Put short titles of books in italics and short titles of articles in quotation marks:
(Murray, A Writer Teaches Writing 3)
(Elkins, “Visual Studies” 63)
Citing non-print or sources from the Internet:
- Include in the text the first item that appears in the Work Cited entry that corresponds to the citation (e.g. author name, article name, website name, film name).
- You do not need to give paragraph numbers or page numbers based on your Web browser’s print preview function.
2. Works cited
You must have a “Works cited” section at the end of your research paper. All entries in the Works cited page must correspond to those cited in your main text. Entries are listed alphabetically by the author’s last name. The first author appears in last name, first name format; subsequent author names (if any) appear in first name last name format. If there are more than three authors, you may choose to list only the first author followed by the phrase “et al.”
The basic form for a book citation is:
Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication (Print, Web, Film etc.).
The basic form for a scholarly article citation:
Author(s). “Title of Article.” Title of Journal Volume.Issue (Year): pages. Medium of publication (Print, Web, Film etc.).
The basic form for a magazine citation:
Author(s). “Title of Article.” Title of Periodical Day Month Year: pages. Medium of publication (Print, Web, Film etc.).
For more examples regarding proper formatting in the Works cited section, please go to:
APRJA only uses two levels of headings and follows the following formatting:
Level 1 Heading: bold, flush left
Level 2 Heading: italics, flush left